enabler (plural enablers)
One who helps something to happen.
One who encourages a bad habit in another (typically drug addiction) by his or her behaviour.
One who gives someone else the power to behave in a certain way.http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/enabler?rdfrom=EnablerEnabling is a term with a double meaning
As a positive term, it references patterns of interaction which allow individuals to develop and grow
. These may be on any scale, for example within the family, or in wider society as "Enabling acts" designed to empower some group, or create a new authority for a (usually governmental) body.
In a negative sense, enabling is also used in the context of problematic behavior, to signify dysfunctional approaches that are intended to help but in fact may perpetuate a problem
. A common theme of enabling in this latter sense is that third parties take responsibility, blame, or make accommodations for a person's harmful conduct (often with the best of intentions, or from fear or insecurity which inhibits action). The practical effect is that the person himself or herself does not have to do so, and is shielded from awareness of the harm it may do, and the need or pressure to change. It is a major environmental cause of addiction.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enabling