Translation - Μετάφραση

Translation Assistance => Greek monolingual forum => Αρχαία Ελληνικά => Topic started by: spiros on 03 Apr, 2021, 13:26:32

Title: πρυτανιάρχης, πρυτανειάρχης, πρυτανάρχης
Post by: spiros on 03 Apr, 2021, 13:26:32
πρυτανιάρχης, πρυτανειάρχης, πρυτανάρχης

There is an LSJ entry for πρυτανάρχης but the rest have no lexicographical references. Are they supposed to mean the same thing and be translated as prytaniarch, prytanarch?
πρυτανάρχης - Ancient Greek (LSJ) (

In the fourth century decree, Michel 533, the preamble includes citation of the ἐπιστάτης; possibly he corresponds to the officer of that title selected from the prytaneis each day at Athens (1 §1.22). We also learn from Imperial documents of a unique officer of unknown relation to the epistates.
Following their month in prytany, the ex-prytaneis presided over the κάλλιον, identified by Hasluck as the precinct of the Eleusinian goddesses. The prytaniarch remained as chief officer, under the title ἄρχων τοῦ καλλίου, CIGII 3665, datable to not long after the reign of Marcus Aurelius (A.D. 161-180), lists the ephebes by phylai. The text is noteworthy in that the preserved rubrics help to establish what is, I have maintained, a canonical order of the Attic phylai. On the surviving fragment, as reported by Boeckh, the left-hand column begins Geleontes, Argadeis, Aigikoreis (lines 13, 26, 47), followed by a gap of uncertain length; the second begins Oinopes, Hopletes (lines 13, 32) before breaking off.
Public Organization in Ancient Greece: A Documentary Study - Nicholas F. Jones, Nicholas F.. Jones, Professor of Classics and History Nicholas F Jones - Βιβλία Google (
Title: πρυτανιάρχης, πρυτανειάρχης, πρυτανάρχης
Post by: billberg23 on 04 Apr, 2021, 08:26:45
I suspect that prytaniarch was easier for anglophones to pronounce than the authentic term prytanarch, and this probably led to their inadvertently Hellenizing the term as πρυτανιάρχης / πρυτανειάρχης.  Whatever the case, the fact remains that the latter two spellings are attested nowhere in ancient Greek.  And no "prytaniarch" is actually mentioned in CIG 2.3665, only the office of ἄρχων τοῦ καλλίου.