Exceptions in verbs ending in -έω/ῶ, -όω/ῶ and -άω/ῶ

spiros

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Do all verbs ending in -έω, -όω and -άω have the -ῶ type?

For example, I could find the -ῶ version for these verbs:

ἀντηχέω - ἀντηχῶ
κακοπλοέω - κακοπλοῶ
παραχέω - παραχῶ
παρεγχέω - παρεγχῶ
παρεισχέω - παρεισχῶ
παρεκχέω - παρεκχῶ
προσεγχέω - προσεγχῶ
προσχέω - προσχῶ
συναναχέω - συναναχῶ

but not for these (despite seeing it in some compound verbs):

ἀνταχέω - ἀνταχῶ
ἀντεπιπλέω - ἀντεπιπλῶ
ἀντιπαραπλέω - ἀντιπαραπλῶ
ἀντιπλέω - ἀντιπλῶ
ἀποπλέω - ἀποπλῶ
διαπλέω - διαπλῶ
διαχέω - διαχῶ
εἰσχέω - εἰσχῶ
ἐκχέω - ἐκχῶ
ἐξαποχέω - ἐξαποχῶ
ἐπαναχέω - ἐπαναχῶ
ἐπεκχέω - ἐπεκχῶ
ἐπιδιαπλέω - ἐπιδιαπλῶ
ἐπικαταχέω - ἐπικαταχῶ
ἐπιχέω - ἐπιχῶ
μετακαταχέω - μετακαταχῶ
περιπλέω - περιπλῶ
περιχέω - περιχῶ
πλέω - πλῶ
προδιαπλέω - προδιαπλῶ
προεκχέω - προεκχῶ
προκαταχέω - προκαταχῶ
προσκαταχέω - προσκαταχῶ
συγχέω - συγχῶ
συμπαραπλέω - συμπαραπλῶ
συμπροχέω - συμπροχῶ
συνδιαπλέω - συνδιαπλῶ
ὑποπροχέω - ὑποπροχῶ
χέω - χῶ
« Last Edit: 20 Mar, 2021, 19:06:05 by spiros »


billberg23

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Such verbs are rarely, if ever, contracted in Ionic Greek (e.g. Homer, Herodotus).  But when are contract-verbs in -έω not contracted in Attic Greek? Much of the answer is found in the Cambridge Grammar of Classical Greek, section 12.17: Most verbs with a monosyllabic stem in -ε- only contract if the result is -εῖ. So πλέω, πλεῖς, πλεῖ, etc. Similarly conjugated are πνέω, ῥέω, χέω, and δέω.
As for the other verbs in your list, it seems that the aforementioned rule can be suspended when the monosyllabic verb stem becomes part of a compound (as you notice with ἀντηχέω - ἀντηχῶ,
κακοπλοέω - κακοπλοῶ, etc.); but that's apparently up to authorial whim.
« Last Edit: 30 Mar, 2021, 22:01:15 by billberg23 »



spiros

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billberg23

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Thanks, spiros!  This 1830 grammar, like other grammars written in the pre-Brugmann-Pokorny-Smyth era, uses grammatical terms & concepts quite unfamiliar to modern linguistic ears.  And bless my soul, it actually uses the term "circumflexed verbs"!  (Still sounds counter-intuitive to me, but so it goes.)  Some observations still pertinent, as you remark.  BTW, when I try your link for the full work, I get this:
03. That’s an error.
Your client does not have permission to get URL  (Maybe not blocked in Greece.) 

But it's still easily downloadable from archive.org:  https://ia800201.us.archive.org/8/items/etongreekgramma00collgoog/etongreekgramma00collgoog.pdf
« Last Edit: 30 Mar, 2021, 21:54:54 by spiros »



spiros

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