maieutics -> maïeutique

Frederique

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maieutics -> maïeutique

Maieutics (pronounced /meɪˈjuːtɪks/) is a procedure of pedagogy. It is based on the idea that the truth is latent in the mind of every human being due to his innate reason but has to be "given birth" by answering questions (or problems) intelligently proposed. The word is derived from the Greek "μαιευτικός", pertaining to midwifery.
Normally it is thought that maieutics was created by the historical Socrates, because it is placed in the character of Socrates in the Theatetus of Plato. But it is not proven that the historical Socrates is the original author, although it has to do with the Socratic School.
According to Plato, several traits in Socrates' activity make it resemble a midwife's art, while the main difference between them seems to be that a midwife operates with people and Socrates with ideas. […]

en.wikipedia


maieutic definition
adjective
designating or of the Socratic method of helping a person to bring forth and become aware of latent ideas or memories

your dictionary

La maïeutique, du grec μαιευτική, par analogie avec le personnage de la mythologie grecque Maïa, qui veillait aux accouchements, est une technique qui consiste à bien interroger une personne pour lui faire exprimer (accoucher) des connaissances qu'elle n'aurait pas conceptualisées. Son invention remonte au IVe siècle av. J.-C. et est attribuée faussement au Socrate historique, en faisant référence au livre Théétète de Platon. Le Socrate historique employait l'ironie (ironie Socratique) pour faire comprendre aux interlocuteurs que ce qu'ils croyaient savoir n'était en fait que croyance. La maïeutique, contrairement à l'ironie, s'appuie sur une théorie de la réminiscence pour faire ressurgir des vies antérieures les connaissances oubliées.[…]
fr.wikipédia

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