greenschist → πρασινοσχιστόλιθος


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greenschist → πρασινοσχιστόλιθος

Greenschists are metamorphic rocks that formed under the lowest temperatures and pressures usually produced by regional metamorphism, typically 300–450 °C (570–840 °F) and 2–10 kilobars (14,500–58,000 psi). Greenschists commonly have an abundance of green minerals such as chlorite, serpentine, and epidote, and platy minerals such as muscovite and platy serpentine. The platiness causes the tendency to split, or have schistosity. Other common minerals include quartz, orthoclase, talc, carbonate minerals and amphibole (actinolite).

Greenschist is a general field petrologic term for metamorphic or altered mafic volcanic rock. In Europe, the term prasinite is sometimes used. A greenstone is sometimes a greenschist but can also be rock types without any schistosity, especially metabasalt (spilite). The green is due to abundant green chlorite, actinolite and epidote minerals that dominate the rock. However, basalts may remain quite black if primary pyroxene does not revert to chlorite or actinolite. To qualify for the name a rock must also exhibit schistosity or some foliation or layering. The rock is derived from basalt, gabbro or similar rocks containing sodium-rich plagioclase feldspar, chlorite, epidote and quartz.
Greenschist - Wikipedia

de: Grünschiefer; en: greenschist; es: esquisto verde; et: rohekilt; fa: شیست سبز; fi: vihreäkivi; fr: schiste vert; hu: zöldpala; it: scisto verde; ja: 緑色片岩; nn: grønskifer; no: grønnstein; pl: zieleńce; sh: zeleni škriljac; sr: зелени шкриљац; sv: grönskiffer; tr: yeşil şist; uk: зелений сланець; vi: đá phiến lục; zh: 綠片岩


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