hemifacial spasm (HFS) → ημιπροσωπικός σπασμός, σπασμός ημιπροσώπου, ημισπασμός προσώπου, σπασμός του ημίσεως του προσώπου, σπασμός του μισού προσώπου

spiros

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hemifacial spasm (HFS) → ημιπροσωπικός σπασμός, σπασμός ημιπροσώπου, ημισπασμός προσώπου, σπασμός του ημίσεως του προσώπου, σπασμός του μισού προσώπου

Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a rare neuromuscular disease characterized by irregular, involuntary muscle contractions (spasms) on one side (hemi-) of the face (-facial). The facial muscles are controlled by the facial nerve (seventh cranial nerve), which originates at the brainstem and exits the skull below the ear where it separates into five main branches.

This disease takes two forms: typical and atypical. In typical form, the twitching usually starts in the lower eyelid in orbicularis oculi muscle. As time progresses, it spreads to the whole lid, then to the orbicularis oris muscle around the lips, and buccinator muscle in the cheekbone area. The reverse process of twitching occurs in atypical hemifacial spasm; twitching starts in orbicularis oris muscle around the lips, and buccinator muscle in the cheekbone area in the lower face, then progresses up to the orbicularis oculi muscle in the eyelid as time progresses. The most common form is the typical form, and atypical form is only seen in about 2–3% of patients with hemifacial spasm. The incidence of hemifacial spasm is approximately 0.8 per 100,000 persons.
Hemifacial spasm - Wikipedia

Der Spasmus hemifacialis (oder Hemispasmus facialis) ist eine einseitig (hemi) auftretende unwillkürliche Verkrampfung (Spasmus) der Gesichtsmuskulatur. Ursache ist meist ein Gefäß-/Nervenkontakt, ein sogenanntes mikrovaskuläres Kompressionssyndrom.
Spasmus hemifacialis – Wikipedia

ar: تشنج الوجه الشقي; de: Spasmus hemifacialis, Hemispasmus facialis; en: hemifacial spasm; ja: 片側顔面痙攣; no: hemifaciale spasmer; ru: гемифациальный спазм; sr: хемифацијални спазам; zh: 半面痉挛
« Last Edit: 26 Sep, 2021, 11:07:12 by spiros »


 

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