Similar to democracy but individual

Tomas · 12 · 4669

Tomas

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I'm searching for a word meaning goverment by individuals like democracy means government by the people. I read heistocracy somewhere, but I wonder if it's in any sense well-formed.


billberg23

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If "government by individuals" means government by a small class or group of powerful/influential individuals, then "oligarchy" (rule of the few) or "oligocracy" (authority/power of the few) might fill your bill.



F_idάνι

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I agree with billberg and I have to add that ''heistocracy'' could possibly be ''aristocracy'' misspelled. ''Aristocracy'' means upper class. Maybe ''monarchy'' is also suitable.
« Last Edit: 05 Sep, 2006, 22:50:05 by F_id »


banned8

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There’s aristocracy, which is rule by the best.
Autocracy, rule by one person.
Oligarchy, rule by a small group.
Diarchy, government by two rulers.
Triarchy, when there are three of them etc.
And, of course, monarchy, rule by a monarch.

I agree with my friends above in thinking that ‘oligarchy’ may be what you’re looking for.



banned8

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Also, I don't know where you found "heistocracy" (it doesn't exist, though one might well coin it for a world ruled by ... heist). There's histocracy, but I think it would mean "rule of the web" (histos = web), rather than what they want it to mean.


Tomas

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Thanks for all your responses!

Actually, I'm searching a word to describe government by each and every individual of himself. Anarchy is not it, as anarchy is absence of government, no government. If there's no word, I'd like your help to create one.


banned8

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There's autarchy and autarky for self-government and self-sufficiency ("auto" being the word for "self").


F_idάνι

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I assume ''sovereignty'' and ''self-determination'' is not the case, and let me add ''autocracy'' as a synonym of ''autarchy''. However, I tend to believe that the former bears governing connotations, whereas the latter self-sufficiency ones.
« Last Edit: 06 Sep, 2006, 00:36:21 by F_id »


banned8

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I assume ''sovereignty'' and ''self-determination'' is not the case, and may I add ''autocracy'' as a synonym of ''autarchy''.

I beg to differ, Efi. As mentioned in my previous post, autocracy (αυτοκράτεια) is the rule by one person. Pretty much the same as monarchy.

Autarchy is αυταρχία and autarky αυτάρκεια.
« Last Edit: 06 Sep, 2006, 00:37:06 by nickel »


F_idάνι

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Sorry, you're absolutely right, I failed to notice that.


Katerina Dimopoulou

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Perhaps you mean 'Isocracy', ισοκρατία in Ancient Greek. According to LSG, ισοκρατία appears (1) in Timaeus Locrus as 'equality of strength or power' and (2) in Herodotus as 'equality of rights, republic', in which case it is given as a synonym of isonomy, ισονομία.

You can also have a look at Wikipedia, under 'Isocracy'

An isocracy is a form of government where all citizens have equal political power. The term derives from Greek "ισος" meaning "equal" and "κρατειν" meaning "to have power", or "to rule". Isocracy should be incompatible with gerrymandering by class, as at ancient Athens or Rome. Socialism has been described as social isocracy, on the grounds that the influence of wealth prevents genuine equality. Wikipedia could be seen in some ways as an isocracy.

Apparently, there is also a punk group called 'Isocracy':
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isocracy_(band)


Tomas

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Great answers, all! I guess autarchy and isocracy are the ones closest to what I'm thinking of. Encarta says

"au·tar·chy (plural au·tar·chies)


noun
Definition:
 
1. unlimited political power: absolute power, especially such power wielded by a despotic ruler

2. self-government: self-government of a country by representatives drawn from among its own citizens

3. country with despotic ruler: a country governed by a ruler who has absolute power

4. self-governing country: an independent country with its own government, as distinct from a colony or dependency

[Mid-17th century. < Greek autarkhos "self-governing" < arkhein "rule"]"

and

"au·toc·ra·cy (plural au·toc·ra·cies)


noun
Definition:
 
1. rule by one person: a government in which somebody holds unlimited power

2. ruler's absolute power: the unlimited political power of a single ruler

3. place ruled by one person: a country governed by a single ruler who has unlimited power

[Mid-17th century. < Greek autokrateia < autokratēs (see autocrat)]",

though. I wonder if the meaning of autarchy always has been close to that of autocracy, or if it has drifted or degenerated towards it.


 

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