Γοργόνειο -> Gorgonion, Gorgoneion

Kennedy · 11 · 12130

Kennedy

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Γοργόνειο -> Gorgonion, Gorgoneion (A mask carved in imitation of a Gorgon's head)

Hello all !

Quote
Επάνω στην αιγίδα υπήρχε γοργόνειο, τελείως φθαρμένο σήμερα και χάλκινα φίδια που στόλιζαν τις άκρες της.

The text is describing a statue. I don't know what "γοργόνειο" means, though. Any suggestions? :-)
« Last Edit: 30 Dec, 2013, 12:43:30 by spiros »
Verberat nos et lacerat fortvna: patiamvr. Non est sævitia, certamen est, qvod qvo sæpivs adierimvs, fortiores erimvs. Seneca


wings

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Γοργόνειο = παράσταση του κεφαλιού του μυθικού τέρατος Γοργώ ή της Μέδουσας πάνω στην αιγίδα της Αθηνάς, σε ασπίδες, ζωφόρους, νομίσματα, κ.ά., συνήθως με αποτρεπτικο χαρακτήρα.
ΝΕΟ ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΟ ΛΕΞΙΚΟ ΚΡΙΑΡΑ

I.e. a representation of the head of the mythical monster Gorgo or Medusa on the shield of the Goddess Athena, mainly found on shields, friezes, coins, etc, often used as a means of determent.

You can see a picture at: http://www.tap.gr/corpsite/display/dsp_Details.asp?PR_ID=1759

I was able to find a reference in English, where it is mentioned as 'Gorgonion", too:

We know that the Gorgonion was supposed to have the power of averting evil (Lucian. Philopatris, p1120, ed. Bourdel.), and these eyes may be those of Gorgons, for they are evidently intended to represent a face, the other features being even introduced.
http://penelope.uchicago.edu

In Ancient Greece, the Gorgoneion (Greek: Γοργόνειον) was a special apotropaic amulet showing the Gorgon head, used most famously by the Olympian deities Athena and Zeus: both are said to have worn the gorgoneion as a protective pendant, and often are depicted wearing it. It established their descent from earlier deities considered to remain powerful. Among other attributes, it was assumed by rulers of the Hellenistic age as a royal aegis to imply divine birth or protection, as shown, for instance, on the Alexander Mosaic and the Gonzaga Cameo.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gorgoneion


« Last Edit: 02 Mar, 2020, 14:28:30 by spiros »



Kennedy

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Thanks a million, wings! I figured it was obviously related to the Gorgon/γοργόνα etc., but wasn't sure what it meant exactly - and I couldn't find the word in my Greek-English dictionary or in my Greek-Greek dictionary (the latter is too small for that). :-/

Thanks again, it helped out a lot! :-)
Verberat nos et lacerat fortvna: patiamvr. Non est sævitia, certamen est, qvod qvo sæpivs adierimvs, fortiores erimvs. Seneca


wings

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Well, this is not a common word, so most dictionaries will not mention it.

You are always welcome. :-)



banned8

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I think it simply translates as Gorgon's head, and you will find many of those under Google > Images.


σα(ρε)μαλι

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I can live everywhere in the world, but it must be near an airport -and a pharmacy, I would add.

Δεν είναι ο ύπνος της λογικής που γεννάει τέρατα, αλλά ο άγρυπνος ορθολογισμός που πάσχει από αϋπνίες.


banned8

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Good! That seems to be a more popular spelling than Gorgonion. And you can see more of those medusa heads in Google > Images.


elena petelos

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On popular spellings:

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/image?lookup=1990.26.0067&type=

Source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Gorgoneion \Gor`go*ne"ion\ (g[^o]r`g[-o]*n[=e]"y[o^]n), n.; pl.
   Gorgoneia. [NL., fr. Gr. Gorgo`neios, equiv. to Gorgei^os
   belonging to a Gorgon.] (Arch.)
   A mask carved in imitation of a Gorgon's head. --Elmes.

http://www.google.co.uk/search?hl=en&q=gorgoneion+&meta=


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elena petelos

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Stavroulix

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so happy to see you talking about Gorgon's head, I studied at the University of Bath, which has Gorgon's head as a logo!!
I quote from the University's site:
"The Gorgon’s Head used in the University of Bath logo is taken from the University’s full Coat of Arms. The head can be traced back to Bath’s Roman past, with the amalgamation of Sul, Goddess of Hot Springs and Minerva, Goddess of Learning, leading to the creation of Sulis-Minerva, the Goddess associated with Bath. The “male face” shown is a local or Celtic variation of the more convenional mythological gorgon Medusa, which can be found on the shield of Minerva, as featured in the Coat of Arms. The logo uses this adaption of the Gorgon’s Head, with the title of the University and a ruled line."
visit www.bath.ac.uk for more info
thanks



Image added by moderator:
« Last Edit: 10 Aug, 2005, 23:23:47 by nickel »


 

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