παρεό -> pāreu, pareo

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παρεό -> pāreu, pareo

Η άσπρη λέξη της ημέρας: παρεό

Θέμα της εβδομάδας: Ρούχα του καλοκαιριού

Ουσιαστικό ουδετέρου γένους, άκλιτο.

Το παρεό είναι ένα μακρόστενο κομμάτι λεπτού υφάσματος που τυλίγεται γύρω από το γυναικείο σώμα και συνήθως φοριέται τους καλοκαιρινούς μήνες πάνω από το μαγιό. Το παρεό στην Ινδία ονομάζεται sarong, στα νησιά Σαμόα lava lava, στη Χαβάη kikepa, στη Μαλαισία kain και στα νησιά Φίτζι sulu. Στην Ταϊτή το παρεό φοριέται όχι μόνο από γυναίκες αλλά και από άντρες.


The pāreu or pareo (see below) is The Cook Island and Tahitian word for wraparound skirt. Originally it was used only to refer to women's skirts, as men wore a loincloth, called a maro. Nowadays the term is applied to any piece of cloth worn wrapped around the body, worn by males or females. It is related to the Malay sarong, Sāmoan lavalava, Tongan tupenu and other such garments of the pacific islands such as the islands of Hawai`i, Marquesas, Aotearoa, and Fiji.


Young girl from cold Rimatara (Tuhaʻa pae) in 1887

In contemporary Tahitian the right word is pāreu (singular: te pāreu, plural: te mau pāreu), with the pronunciation of the word with a long a (hold the sound for two beats rather than just one) and the e and u' pronounced separately, rather than slurred into a diphthong. It is not clear where the variant pareo is coming from. It might be an old dialectic variant or an early explorers' misinterpretation. But both terms were already used in the 19th century.[1] Nowadays, however, pareo can be considered as the English-language form of the word (plural pareos), much less likely subject to mispronunciation.


Hiva Oa dancers dressed in pāreu around 1909

The Tahitian pāreu are among the most colourful and bright ones of the Pacific. Originally flower patterns, the hibiscus flowers in particular, or traditional tapa patterns, were printed in bright colours on a cotton sheet of about 90 or 120 cm wide and 180 cm long, made in China. Nowadays they are also made in Tahiti itself and dye painting with varying colours is popular as well.

Πηγή: wikipedia

 


 

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