The CJS Glossaries - Criminal Justice System of England and Wales

elena petelos

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http://lcjb.cjsonline.gov.uk/

http://www.cjsonline.gov.uk/glossary/





Term Definition

ABSOLUTE DISCHARGE
The court takes no further action against an offender, but the offender's discharge will appear on his or her criminal record. top


ACCUSED
The person charged. The person who has allegedly committed the offence t

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF SERVICE
Form of reply to, or confirmation of, service of process

ACQUITTAL
Discharge of defendant following verdict or direction of not guilty

ACT
Law, as an act of parliament

ADJOURNED GENERALLY
Temporary suspension of the hearing of a case by order of the Court (maybe for a short period, eg to next day or without a date being given).

ADJUDICATION Judgment or decision of a Court or tribunal

ADVOCATE A barrister or solicitor representing a party in a hearing before a Court

AFFIRMATION Declaration by a witness who has no religious belief, or has religious beliefs that prevent him/her taking the oath, that the evidence he/she is giving is the truth

ANTE
Before - An indication within text to refer to an earlier passage

APPEAL
Application to a higher Court or authority for review of a decision of a lower Court or authority

APPEAL COURT
The higher court to which cases are sent when either the defence or prosecution wish to challenge the resolt from a Magistrates or Crown Court.

APPELLANT Person who appeals

ARREST
Lawful detention by a police officer.

ASSISTED PERSON (LEGALLY)
A party to legal proceedings who is receiving legal aid

ATTACHMENT OF EARNINGS
An order that directs an employer of a debtor to deduct regolarly an amount, fixed by the Court, from the debtor's earnings and pay that sum into Court

ATTORNEY GENERAL
Government Minister responsible for prosecutions and the Crown Prosecution Service.

BAIL
Release of a defendant from custody, until his/her next appearance in Court, subject sometimes to security being given and/or compliance with certain conditions

BAR
The collective term for barristers

BARRISTER (see COUNSEL; SILK)
A member of the bar: the branch of the legal profession which has rights of audience before all Courts

BENCH WARRANT
A warrant issued by the magistrates or judge for an absent defendant to be arrested and brought before a Court either on bail or in custody

BIND OVER
 In the Crown Court or (more usually) the Magistrates Court, and signed by an officer of the Court

BIND OVER FOR SENTENCE
An order which requires the defendant to return to Court on an unspecified date for sentence. Failure to observe this order may resolt in a forfeit or penalty to be enforced

BRIEF
Written instructions to counsel to appear at a hearing on behalf of a party prepared by the solicitor and setting out the facts of the case and any case law relied upon

CASE CONFERENCE
A meeting between a solicitor and/or barrister and their client

CASE NUMBER
A reference number allocated to each case by the court or other criminal justice organisation

CAUTION
1. Warning, given by a Police Officer, to a person on arrest, at interview or when being charged with an offence
2. A formal recording of guilt, given by a Police Officer, instead of a charge

CERTIFICATE OF LEGAL AID COSTS
A certificate of costs allowed following taxation by a judicial or taxing officer (Previously referred to as an Allocator)

CHAMBERS
Private room, or Court from which the public are excluded in which a District Judge or Judge may conduct certain sorts of hearings
Offices used by a barrister

CHARGE
A formal accusation against a person

CIRCUIT JUDGE
A judge who sits in the Crown Court

CIVIL
Matters concerning private rights and not offences against the state

COMMISSIONER OF OATHS
Solicitors authorised by the Lord Chancellor to administer oaths and affirmations to a statement of evidence

COMMITTAL
Committal for Trial: Following examination by the Magistrates of a case involving an either way offence the procedure of directing the case to the Crown Court to be dealt with
Committal for Sentence: Where the Magistrates consider that the offence justifies a sentence greater than they are empowered to impose they may commit the defendant to the Crown Court for sentence to be passed by a judge
Committal Order: An order of the Court committing someone to prison
Committal Warrant (see WARRANT OF COMMITTAL)

COMMON LAW
The law established by previous cases decided

COMMUNITY PENALTIES
Alternatives to prison, community punishment, non-custodial options, Community sentences Sentences of the court which deal with the offender in the community rather than in prison. These include community punishment, community rehabilitation orders and drug treatment and testing orders.

COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION ORDER
Between 40-100 hours of unpaid work for the community, alongside a programme of work designed to deal with the offending behaviour and personal improvement supervised by the Probation Service.

COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT ORDER
Community Punishment (formerly a Community Service Order) is a community sentence in which offenders work unpaid for up to 240 hours on local community projects under close supervision.

COMMUNITY REHABILITATION ORDER
Community Rehabilitation (formerly a Probation Order) is a community sentence which involves regolar contact with the Probation Service. May also include attending an Offending Behaviour Programme to tackle the reasons why the crime was committed.

COMPENSATION
Sum of money to make up for or make amends for loss, breakage, hardship, inconvenience or personal injury caused by another

COMPENSATION ORDER
A court order requiring the offender to pay compensation to the victim.

CONCURRENT SENTENCEA direction by a Court that a number of sentences of imprisonment or community penalty shoold run at the same time

CONDITIONAL DISCHARGE
A discharge of a convicted defendant without sentence on condition that he/she does not re-offend within a specified period of time

CONDUCT MONEY
Money paid to a witness in advance of the hearing of a case as compensation for time spent attending Court

CONSECUTIVE SENTENCE
An order for a subsequent sentence of imprisonment or community penalty to commence as soon as a previous sentence expires. Can apply to more than two sentences

CONTEMPT OF COURT
An offence, punishable by imprisonment, of disobedience or wilful disregard to the judicial process

CONVICTION
When an offender has pleaded or been found guilty of an offence in a court he or she is said to have been convicted. The conviction then appears on the offender's criminal record.

CORROBORATION
Evidence by one person confirming that of another or supporting evidence, for example forensic evidence (bloodstain, fibres etc) in murder cases

COUNSEL
A Barrister

COUNT
An individual offence set out in an indictment

COURT
Body with judicial powers (see also COURT ROOM)

COURT OF APPEAL
Divided into:
civil and,
criminal divisions and hears appeals:
from decision in the High Court and County Courts and,
against convictions or sentences passed by the Crown Court

COURT ROOM
The room in which cases are heard

CRIMINAL
Person who is guilty of a criminal offence

CRIMINAL CASES REVIEW COMMISSION
Public body responsible for investigating alleged miscarriages of justice.

CROWN COURT
The Crown Court deals with all crime committed or sent for trial by Magistrates Courts. Cases for trial are heard before a judge and jury. The Crown Court also acts as an appeal Court for cases heard and dealt with by the Magistrates

CROWN PROSECUTION SERVICE (CPS)
The Crown Prosecution Service decides whether there is enough evidence to take a case to court, and whether it woold be in the public interest. After the decision to prosecute has been taken the CPS lawyer or solicitor represents the CPS in court.

CURFEW ORDER
A curfew order is similar to house arrest. People must stay indoors, usually at their home, for the curfew period. A tag, worn on the ankle or wrist, notifies monitoring services if the offender is absent during the curfew hours.

CUSTODIAL SENTENCES
Sentences where the offender is locked up in a prison, Young Offender Institution or Secure Training Centre.

DE FACTO
In fact - "As a matter of fact"

DEFENDANT
Person sued; person standing trial or appearing for sentence.

DEPARTMENT FOR CONSTITUTIONAL AFFAIRS
The department in government responsible for upholding justice, rights and democracy.

DISCHARGE The offender is found guilty of the offence, and the conviction appears on his or her criminal record, but either no further action is taken at all(absolute discharge, or no further action is taken as long as the offender does not offend again in a certain period of time (conditional discharge).

DISCONTINUANCE
A decision by the Crown Prosecution Service not to continue with a case

DISTRICT JUDGE
A legally qualified person who sits in place of, or with magistrates. Previously known as a stipendiary magistrate

DIVISIONAL COURT
The Divisional Court of the Queen's Bench Division deals largely with certain appeals on points of law from many Courts topDOCK Enclosure in criminal Court for the defendant on trial

DRUG TREATMENT AND TESTING ORDER (DTTO)
A sentence for drug users who receive treatment for their drug use and have to give regolar urine tests to make sure they are not using drugs.

EITHER-WAY OFFENCE (see INDICTABLE OFFENCE, SUMMARY OFFENCE)An offence for which the accused may be tried by the magistrates or by committal to the Crown Court to be tried by jury

ELECTRONIC MONITORING
An offender or person on bail, on a curfew order or Home Detention Curfew at the end of a prison sentence, has an electronic tag. The tag, worn on the ankle or wrist, notifies monitoring services if the offender is absent during the curfew hours.

EXHIBIT
Item or document used as evidence during a Court trial or hearing

EXPERT WITNESS
Person employed to give evidence on a subject in which they are qualified or have expertise.

FINE
A sentence of the court which involves the offender paying money to the court as punishment for their crime.

HIGH COURT
A civil Court which consists of three divisions:
Queen's Bench (can be known as King's Bench Division if a King is assuming the throne) - civil disputes for recovery of money, including breach of contract, personal injuries, libel/slander
Family - concerned with matrimonial maters and proceedings relating to children, eg wardship
Chancery - property matters including fraud and bankruptcy

HER MAJESTY'S COURTS SERVICE
Her Majesty's Courts Service administers the civil, family and criminal courts in England and Wales. This covers Crown, county and magistrates' courts.

HIGH COURT JUDGE see JUDGE and HIGH COURT

HOME DETENTION CURFEW (HDC)
A prisoner serving a sentence of between 8 months and 4 years can be released up to 90 days early under strict curfew arrangements and wearing an electronic tag.

HOME OFFICE
Government department responsible for all national issues such as crime and immigration

INDICTABLE OFFENCE
A criminal offence that can only be tried by the Crown Court. The different types of offence are classified 1, 2, 3 or 4. Murder is a class 1 offence

INDICTMENT
A written statement of the charges against a defendant sent for trial to the Crown Court, and signed by an officer of the Court

JUDGE An officer appointed to administer the law and who has authority to hear and try cases in a Court of law

JUDGMENT Final decision of a Court

JUDICIAL/JUDICIARY
Relating to the administration of justice or to the judgment of a Court
A judge or other officer empowered to act as a judge

JUROR (see JURY)
A person who has been summoned by a Court to be a member of the jury

JURY
Body of 12 people sworn to try a case and reach a verdict according to the evidence in a Court

JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
A lay magistrate - person appointed to administer judicial business in a Magistrates Court. Also sits in the Crown Court with a judge or recorder to hear appeals and committals for sentence

JURISDICTION
The area and matters over which a Court has legal authority.

LAW
The system of roles established by an act of parliament, custom or practice

LAW LORDS
Describes the judges of the House of Lords who are known as the Lords of Appeal in ordinary.

LAWYER
General term used to describe barristers (who usually work in the Crown Court and Appeal Court) and solicitors.

LEGAL AID
Facility for the fees and expenses of counsel, solicitors or other legal representatives retained by those of modest means to be paid from a fund administered by the Legal Aid Board

LISTING QUESTIONNAIRE
This form is used to ensure that all issues are resolved and that the parties are ready for trial

LORD CHANCELLOR
The cabinet minister who acts as speaker of the House of Lords and oversees the hearings of the Law Lords. Additional responsibilities include supervising the procedure of Courts other than Magistrates or Coroners Courts and selection of judges, magistrates, queens counsel and members of tribunals. The Lord Chancellor is also the Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs.

LORD CHIEF JUSTICE
Senior judge of the Court of Appeal (Criminal Division) who also heads the Queens Bench Division of the High Court of Justice)

LORD JUSTICE OF APPEAL
Title given to certain judges sitting in the Court of Appeal

MAGISTRATE
Someone who sits as part of a group of three and acts as a judge in the Magistrates court. Magistrates in England and Wales are trained volunteers.

MAGISTRATES' COURT
A Court where criminal proceedings are commenced before Justices of the Peace, or District Judges, who examine the evidence/statements and either deal with the case themselves or commit to the Crown Court for trial or sentence

MITIGATION
The explanation for the offence given on behalf of a guilty party in order to excuse or partly excuse the offence committed in an attempt to minimise the sentence

NOTARY PUBLIC
Someone who is authorised to swear oaths and certify the execution of deeds

NOTIFIABLE OFFENCE
Offence deemed serious enough to be recorded by the Police. Includes most indictable and triable-either-way offence.

OATH (see AFFIRMATION)
A verbal promise by a person with religious beliefs to tell the truth

OFFENDER Someone who has been convicted of a crime.

OFFENDING BEHAVIOUR PROGRAMME (OBP)
A programme of work undertaken with an offender which is designed to tackle the reasons or behaviour which leads to his or her offending. Examples of Offending Behaviour Programmes are: Substance-related Offending; Drink Impaired Drivers; Aggression Replacement Therapy; Sex Offender Treatment Programme; Integrated Domestic Abuse Programme.

ORDER
A direction by a Court topPLEA A defendant's reply to a charge put to him by a court; ie guilty or not guilty

POST
After - An indication to refer to something to be found further on 

PRECEDENT
The decision of a case which established principles of law that act as an authority for future cases of a similar nature

PRE-TRIAL REVIEW
A preliminary appointment at which the magistrates or District Judge consider the issues before the Court and fixes the timetable for the trial.

PROBATION SERVICE
The National Probation Service's work with offenders combines continuous assessment and management of risk and dangerousness with the provision of expert supervision programmes designed to reduce re-offending.

PROSECUTION
The institution or conduct of criminal proceedings against a person

PROSECUTOR
Person who prosecutes - usually the Crown Prosecution Service (see PROSECUTION)

QUASI As if - Any person exercising powers similar to those of a judge woold be sitting in a Quasi-Judicial capacity

QUEEN'S COUNSEL
Barristers of at least ten years standing may apply to become queen's counsel. QCs undertake work of an important nature and are referred to as 'silks' which is derived from the Courts gown that is worn. Will be known as king's counsel if a king assumes the throne

REASONABLE DOUBT
The standard of proof in criminal courts in the UK is that the case is proved 'beyond reasonable doubt'. The Crown Prosecutor must prove 'beyond reasonable doubt' that the defendant committed the offence.

RECORDER (also Assistant Recorder) Members of the legal profession (barristers or solicitors) who are appointed to act in a judicial capacity on a part time bases. They may progress to become a foll time judge.

REMAND (IN CUSTODY)
The accused person (defendant) is kept in custody or placed on bail pending further Court appearance(s).

RE-OFFEND
When an offender commits a new crime after being convicted of a previous offence.

RESTORATIVE JUSTICE
This may involve a meeting between the offender and victim, with a mediator, where the victim can tell the offender how the offence has affected them, and the offender has the chance to make amends directly to the victim of the crime.

RIGHT OF AUDIENCE
Entitlement to appear before a Court in a legal capacity and prosecute or defend proceedings on behalf of a party to the proceedings

SECURE TRAINING CENTRES (STC's)
STCs are purpose-built centres for young offenders up to the age of 17. They are run by private operators contracted by the Home Office.

SERVICE
Delivery by post or personal service of the case, or other court documents

SILK
Queens Counsel, a senior barrister sometimes referred to as a leader or leading counsel (See QC)

SOLICITOR
Member of the legal profession chiefly concerned with advising clients and preparing their cases and representing them in some Courts. May also act as advocates before certain Courts or tribunals

STATEMENT
A written account by a witness of the facts of details of a matter.

STATUTORY INSTRUMENT
A document issued by the delegated authority (usually a Government Minister or committee) named within an act of parliament which affects the workings of the original Act

STIPENDIARY MAGISTRATE
A legally qualified and salaried Magistrate - now called a District Judge

SUB JUDICE
In the course of trial - Whilst a court case is under consideration. Proceedings are sub-Judice and details cannot be disclosed

SUMMARY OFFENCE (see INDICTABLE, EITHER WAY OFFENCE) A criminal offence which can only be tried by a Magistrates' Court

SUMMING-UP
A review of the evidence and directions as to the law by a judge immediately before a jury retires to consider its verdict

SUMMONS
Order to appear or to produce evidence to a Court

SUMMONS (JURY)
Order to attend for jury service

SUMMONS (WITNESS)
Order to appear as a witness at a hearing

SURETY
A person's undertaking to be liable for another's non-attendance at Court

SUSPENDED SENTENCE
A custodial sentence which will not take effect unless there is a subsequent offence within a specified period

SUSPECT
A person being investigated in relation to a particular offence or offences.

TAGGING
An offender or person on bail, on a Curfew Order or Home Detention Curfew at the end of a prison sentence, has an electronic tag. The tag, worn on the ankle or wrist, notifies monitoring services if the offender is absent during the curfew hours.

TAXATION
An examination of a solicitor's bill in civil proceedings by a Court to ensure that all charges against the legal aid fund are fair and reasonable (see also PARTY AND PARTY COSTS which are also examined by a Court)

TRIAL WINDOW
A period of time within which the case must be listed for trial

ULTRA VIRES (See INTRA VIRES)
Beyond the power - An act that falls outside or beyond the jurisdiction of the court

VERDICT
The finding of guilty or not guilty by a jury

WITNESS
A person who gives evidence in Court (see also EXPERT WITNESS).

YOUNG OFFENDER INSTITUION A prison for young people between the ages of 15 (16 for girls) and 21. Young offenders have to be kept separately from adolts, and juveniles (under 18s) separate from 18-21s.

YOUTH OFFENDING TEAM (YOT)
A Youth Offending Team is made up of local representatives from the police, Probation Service, social services, health, education, drugs and alcohol misuse and housing officers. The YOT identifies the needs of each young offender. It identifies the specific problems that make the young person offend as well as measuring the risk they pose to others. This enables the YOT to identify suitable programmes to address the needs of the young person with the intention of preventing further offending.


Supplem. Glossaries:

Criminal Case Management Framework
http://www.cjsonline.gov.uk/framework/ccmf/misc/glossary.html
http://lcjb.cjsonline.gov.uk/download.asp?dl=glossary.pdf&area=15
etc. through site index for downloads


wings

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Ευχαριστούμε σας, Ελένη.

Γιατί δεν είσαι στην τούρτα σου και δουλεύεις, όμως; :-))))

Για όσους δεν κατάλαβαν, η Ελένη έχει γενέθλια σήμερα!



elena petelos

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Ευχαριστούμε σας, Ελένη.

Γιατί δεν είσαι στην τούρτα σου και δουλεύεις, όμως; :-))))

Για όσους δεν κατάλαβαν, η Ελένη έχει γενέθλια σήμερα!
:) Έχει αρκετά gloss ο συγκεκριμένος σύνδεσμος.
Η Ελένη έχει γενέθλια, αλλά το παρτάκι της Ελένης είναι next Friday. :)
Χεχε.
:))) lala
smooooooch!
« Last Edit: 28 Jul, 2006, 19:00:05 by wings »


wings

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Κακώς έως κακίστως... θα έπρεπε να κάνεις 2 πάρτι Χ 1 τούρτα (minimum).:-)



elena petelos

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Κακώς έως κακίστως... θα έπρεπε να κάνεις 2 πάρτι Χ 1 τούρτα (minimum).:-)
Δεν νομίζω καθόλου "κακώς... κακίστως", αλλά δεν μπορώ και να σε διαφωτίσω εν φόρουμ.
:))
Μία η τούρτα, αυτή της επόμενης εβδομάδας. :)))
Καλό Σ/Κ!
Smooooch!



elena petelos

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Χρόνια πολλά, πάντως!
:)) Xε... Συμπληρώνεις τα χρόνια του Χριστού που λέει και ο Νίκος (και μου βάζει ερωτηματικά αν πάω για σταύρωση κ.λπ.).
:)))
Many thanks, πάντως!


zephyrous

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Xρόνια πολλά κι από 'δώ, από "τις Αγγλίες" πλέον. :)
Καλή σταύρωση. :))


wings

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elena petelos

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Xρόνια πολλά κι από 'δώ, από "τις Αγγλίες" πλέον. :)
Καλή σταύρωση. :))
;-) Τα έχω ξαναπεί. Για να πετύχουμε ανάσταση, καλό είναι να έχουμε επιτάφιο. Για να γίνει πετυχημένος επιτάφιος (atonement, etc.), καλό είναι να έχουμε και σταύρωση. (Φτου σου, βέβαια, άθλιο! :)) Kάποιοι (πιο γουστόζικα έγραψαν "και τις σταυρώσεις άστες γι' αυτούς που φοβούνται -μεταφορικά μιλώντας πάντα.") ;-)

Περισσότερα από Τετάρτη!

φφφ
Kαλώς επέστρεψες, Γιάννη.:-)))) Καλημέρα.
Καλημερούδια, Βικάκι!
;-)


wings

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Xρόνια πολλά κι από 'δώ, από "τις Αγγλίες" πλέον. :)
Καλή σταύρωση. :))
;-) Τα έχω ξαναπεί. Για να πετύχουμε ανάσταση, καλό είναι να έχουμε επιτάφιο. Για να γίνει πετυχημένος επιτάφιος (atonement, etc.), καλό είναι να έχουμε και σταύρωση. (Φτου σου, βέβαια, άθλιο! :)) Kάποιοι (πιο γουστόζικα έγραψαν "και τις σταυρώσεις άστες γι' αυτούς που φοβούνται -μεταφορικά μιλώντας πάντα.") ;-)

Περισσότερα από Τετάρτη!

φφφ
Kαλώς επέστρεψες, Γιάννη.:-)))) Καλημέρα.
Καλημερούδια, Βικάκι!
;-)

Μέρααααααααα... και να θυμάσαι την ακόμη ορθότερη ρήση «του Έλληνος ο τράχηλος, ζυγόν δεν υπομένει», ούτε ήλους ούτε σταυρούς.:-)))


elena petelos

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Μέρααααααααα... και να θυμάσαι την ακόμη ορθότερη ρήση «του Έλληνος ο τράχηλος, ζυγόν δεν υπομένει», ούτε ήλους ούτε σταυρούς.:-)))
E, με τη μνήμη τι πάθαμε! :))

https://www.translatum.gr/forum/index.php?topic=1677.msg7801#msg7801
;-))
φφφ


wings

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sassa

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Για όσους δεν κατάλαβαν, η Ελένη έχει γενέθλια σήμερα!


                         

   S.

"Todo es cuestión de mantener la mente quieta, la columna recta y el corazón tranquilo."


wings

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Σάσα, εσύ είσαι η πορτοκαλιά κεφάλα που εποφθαλμιά την τούρτα της Ελένης; :ΡΡΡΡΡΡΡΡΡΡΡΡΡΡ


 

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