serment d'allégeance -> oath of allegiance, pledge of allegiance

Frederique

  • Moderator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
    • Posts: 80227
    • Gender:Female
  • Creative, Hardworking and Able!

serment d'allégeance -> oath of allegiance, pledge of allegiance


Un serment d'allégeance est un serment par lequel un sujet ou un citoyen reconnaît son devoir d'allégeance et jure la fidélité à son pays ou, le cas échéant, à son monarque. Dans beaucoup de serments d'allégeance modernes, l'allégeance est un serment de fidélité à la constitution. En particulier, aux États-Unis d'Amérique, les présidents, les juges et le personnel militaire prêtent serment à la constitution.
Aux époques féodales, une personne (le vassal) jurait également allégeance à son supérieur féodal (le suzerain) : c'est l'hommage lige. À ce jour, le serment récité par les citoyens d'honneur de la ville de Londres contient un serment d'obéissance au lord-maire de Londres.
Des serments d'allégeance sont généralement exigés des citoyens nouvellement naturalisés (voir le serment de citoyenneté), des membres des forces armées ou des fonctionnaires (forces de l'ordre, personnel judiciaire, etc.). Le clergé dans l'Église d'Angleterre est requis de prendre un serment de Suprématie reconnaissant l'autorité du monarque britannique.[…]
fr.wikipedia


An oath of allegiance is an oath whereby a subject or citizen acknowledges his/her duty of allegiance and swears loyalty to his/her monarch or country. In many modern oaths of allegiance, allegiance is sworn to the Constitution. In particular, in the United States presidents, judges, and military personnel are under an oath to the Constitution. In Canada, oaths are sworn to the Canadian monarch.
In feudal times a person would also swear allegiance to his feudal superiors. To this day the oath sworn by freemen of the City of London contains an oath of obedience to the Lord Mayor of the City of London.
Oaths of allegiance are commonly required of newly-naturalised citizens (see Oath of Citizenship), members of the armed forces, and those assuming public (particularly parliamentary and judicial) office. Clergy in the Church of England are required to take an Oath of Supremacy acknowledging the authority of the British monarch.[…]
en.wikipedia

The Pledge of Allegiance to the United States is an oath of loyalty to the republic of the United States of America, originally composed by Francis Bellamy in 1892. The Pledge has been modified four times since then, with the most recent change adding the words "under God" in 1954. The Pledge is predominantly sworn by children in public schools in response to state laws requiring the Pledge to be offered. Congressional sessions open with the swearing of the Pledge, as do government meetings at local levels, meetings held by the Boy Scouts of America, and some sporting events.
The current version of the Pledge of Allegiance reads: "...I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the republic for which it stands: one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
en.wikipedia
Communicate. Explore potentials. Find solutions.


 

Search Tools