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Use of hyphen in compound English adjectives

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spiros:
Generally, hyphenate two or more words when they come before a noun they modify and act as a single idea. This is called a compound adjective.

Examples:
an off-campus apartment
state-of-the-art design

When a compound adjective follows a noun, a hyphen is usually not necessary.

Example: The apartment is off campus.

However, some established compound adjectives are always hyphenated. Double-check with a dictionary or online.

Example: The design is state-of-the-art.
https://www.grammarbook.com/punctuation/hyphens.asp

Hyphens with High or Low
When using high or low as part of a compound adjective, use a hyphen when the compound comes before the noun it’s modifying. Some examples of compound adjectives using high and low include high-level/low-level and high-impact/low-impact

Low-flying airplanes contribute to the noise pollution in the area.
This car runs best on high-octane gasoline.
Low-income families often face more stress than their higher-income counterparts.
A high-interest savings account is one of the best ways to save money.
https://www.grammarly.com/blog/hyphen/

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