encéphalopathie spongiforme bovine (ESB) -> bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)


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encéphalopathie spongiforme bovine (ESB) -> bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)

L'encéphalopathie spongiforme bovine (ESB), également appelée « maladie de la vache folle » (Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) en anglais), est une infection dégénérative du système nerveux central des bovins. C'est une maladie mortelle, analogue à la tremblante des ovins et des caprins, causée par un agent infectieux moléculaire d'un type particulier (ni virus, ni microbe), appelé protéine prion.

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as mad-cow disease (MCD), is a fatal, neurodegenerative disease in cattle, that causes a spongy degeneration in the brain and spinal cord. BSE has a long incubation period, about 4 years, usually affecting adult cattle at a peak age onset of four to five years, all breeds being equally susceptible. In the United Kingdom, the country worst affected, more than 179,000 cattle have been infected and 4.4 million slaughtered during the eradication programme.
« Last Edit: 11 Apr, 2010, 11:12:51 by wings »
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