Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood -> αδελφότητα των Προραφαηλιτών

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Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood -> αδελφότητα των Προραφαηλιτών

The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (also known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The three founders were soon joined by William Michael Rossetti, James Collinson, Frederic George Stephens and Thomas Woolner to form a seven-member "brotherhood".
The group's intention was to reform art by rejecting what they considered to be the mechanistic approach first adopted by the Mannerist artists who succeeded Raphael and Michelangelo. They believed that the Classical poses and elegant compositions of Raphael in particular had been a corrupting influence on the academic teaching of art. Hence the name "Pre-Raphaelite". In particular, they objected to the influence of Sir Joshua Reynolds, the founder of the English Royal Academy of Arts. They called him "Sir Sloshua", believing that his broad technique was a sloppy and formulaic form of academic Mannerism. In contrast, they wanted to return to the abundant detail, intense colours, and complex compositions of Quattrocento Italian and Flemish art.

Οι προραφαηλίτες, γνωστοί και ως η "αδελφότητα των Προραφαηλιτών", ήταν μία ομάδα κυρίως Άγγλων ζωγράφων (Ροσέτι, Χαντ, Μιλαί, Μπερν-Τζόουνς) που ιδρύθηκε το 1848 με αίτημα την ανανέωση της ζωγραφικής μέσω της μίμησης Ιταλών ζωγράφων, προγενέστερων του Ραφαήλ.


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