plucked string instrument -> έγχορδο νυκτό όργανο, έγχορδο νυκτό μουσικό όργανο, έγχορδο νυκτό, νυκτό όργανο, νυκτό μουσικό όργανο, νυσσόμενο μουσικό όργανο, νυσσόμενο όργανο


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plucked string instrument -> νυκτό όργανο, νυκτό μουσικό όργανο, νυσσόμενο μουσικό όργανο, νυσσόμενο όργανο

Plucked string instruments are a subcategory of string instruments that are played by plucking the strings. Plucking is a way of pulling and releasing the string in such a way as to give it an impulse that causes the string to vibrate. Plucking can be done with either a finger or a plectrum.

Most plucked string instruments belong to the lute family (such as guitar, bass guitar, mandolin, banjo, balalaika, sitar, pipa, etc.), which generally consist of a resonating body, and a neck; the strings run along the neck and can be stopped at different pitches. The zither family (including the autoharp, kantele, gusli, kannel, kankles, kokles, koto, guqin, gu zheng and many others) does not have a neck, and the strings are stretched across the soundboard. In the harp family (including the lyre), the strings are perpendicular to the soundboard and do not run across it. The harpsichord does not fit any of these categories but is also a plucked string instrument, as its strings are struck with a plectrum when the keys are depressed.

Bowed string instruments, such as the violin, can also be plucked in the technique known as pizzicato; however, as they are usually played with a bow, they are not included in this category. Struck string instruments (such as the piano) can be similarly plucked as an extended technique.

Plucked string instruments are not a category in the Sachs-Hornbostel classification, aside from 335 and 336, as some of them are simple chordophones and others are composite (depending on whether the resonator is the removable part of the instrument). This is possible due to the Lute family

Τα νυκτά / νυσσόμενα μουσικά όργανα νύσσονται (δηλ. οι χορδές τσιμπιούνται με τα δάχτυλα ή άλλο μέσο). Διαχωρίζονται σε νυκτά όργανα ευρωπαϊκής μουσικής, σε νυκτά όργανα παραδοσιακής μουσικής και σε νυκτά όργανα ελληνικής λαϊκής μουσικής. Τα κρουστά / κρουόμενα μουσικά όργανα κρούονται (δηλ. οι χορδές κρούονται με ειδικά ξυλάκια, που ονομάζονται μπαγκέτες). Κατηγοριοποιούνται ανάλογα με τον τρόπο παιξίματός τους.

als: zupfinstrument; br: binvioù-seniñ dre skrabañ kerdin; ca: instrument de corda pinçada; cs: drnkací nástroj; de: Zupfinstrument; en: plucked string instrument; eo: plukinstrumento; es: instrumento de cuerda pulsada; et: näppepillid; eu: pultsatutako hari instrumentu; fa: سازهای زخمه‌ای; fr: instrument à cordes pincées; fy: poenynstrumint; he: כלי פריטה; hr: trzalačka glazbala; hu: pengetős hangszerek; ja: 撥弦楽器; ko: 발현악기; nl: tokkelinstrument; nn: klimpreinstrument; no: klimpreinstrument; oc: instrument de còrdas puntejadas; pl: chordofony szarpane; qu: rachina waqachina; ru: струнные щипковые музыкальные инструменты; simple: plucked string instrument; sl: brenkala; uk: струнні щипкові інструменти; wuu: 拨弦乐器; zh: 撥弦樂器
« Last Edit: 15 Mar, 2020, 09:47:34 by spiros »


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