ἐπινέω -> allot by spinning, float on the top, swim upon, swim over, heap up, load with, heap upon, spin to, span

spiros

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Shouldn't ἐπινεῖν be ἐπινῆν as in https://lsj.gr/wiki/%E1%BC%90%CF%80%CE%B9%CE%BD%CE%AD%CF%89?

https://lsj.gr/wiki/heap
https://www.lsj.gr/wiki/pile

Woodhouse
« Last Edit: 27 Jun, 2020, 01:17:04 by spiros »


billberg23

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Theoretically, ἐπινῆν could be the dialectal (Doric, epic, or Ionic) present active infinitive of four different verbs, each with its own meaning and etymology (Beekes): cf. the Perseus analysis of νῆν:
νάω (flow): pres inf act (doric ionic)
νέω 1 (swim): pres inf act (epic doric)
νέω 2 (spin): pres inf act (epic doric)
νέω 3 (heap, pile up): pres inf act (epic doric)

However, the form ἐπινῆν is not attested in ancient Greek, while the Attic form ἐπινεῖν occurs twice (Antigonus Paradoxographus and Aelius Aristides), both times with the meaning “to swim upon.”  So Woodhouse is probably correct in constructing an Attic infinitive ἐπινεῖν from Aristotle’s use of the verb ἐπινέω.



spiros

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I can find ἐπινῆν listed below as infinitive of ἐπινῶ/ἐπινέω. There is no result for ἐπινεῖν. Other infinitives: ἐπινήσειν, ἐπινῆσαι.

ἐπινῆν
λήμμα   μέρος   φωνή   χρόνος   έγκλιση
ἐπινῶ (ἐπινέω)   ρήμα   ενεργητική   ενεστώτας   απαρέμφατο
https://www.lexigram.gr/lex/arch/%E1%BC%90%CF%80%CE%B9%CE%BD%E1%BF%86%CE%BD#Hist5


billberg23

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Note that no ancient Greek text is cited.  The source for ἐπινῆν is probably someone who reconstructs this infinitive without understanding that it would be a non-standard, i.e. dialectal, form — if it exists anywhere in ancient Greek, which it doesn't.
As I mentioned, ἐπινεῖν is actually attested twice, once in Antigonus Paradoxographus, Historiarum mirabilium collectio 146.1.2, and once in Aelius Aristides, Πρὸς Πλάτωνα περὶ ῥητορικῆς (Jebb page 94, line 24).
 



 

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