κιονόκρανο → capital, column capital, chapiter, uppermost part of a column, topmost member of a column

spiros

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κιονόκρανο → capital, column capital, chapiter, uppermost part of a column, topmost member of a column
ακροκιόνιο

In architecture the capital (from the Latin caput, or "head") or chapiter forms the topmost member of a column (or a pilaster). It mediates between the column and the load thrusting down upon it, broadening the area of the column's supporting surface. The capital, projecting on each side as it rises to support the abacus, joins the usually square abacus and the usually circular shaft of the column. The capital may be convex, as in the Doric order; concave, as in the inverted bell of the Corinthian order; or scrolling out, as in the Ionic order. These form the three principal types on which all capitals in the classical tradition are based. The Composite order established in the 16th century on a hint from the Arch of Titus, adds Ionic volutes to Corinthian acanthus leaves.
Capital_(architecture)

ar: تاج العمود; ast: capitel; az: kapitel; be_x_old: капітэль; be: капітэль; bg: капител; bh: थम माथा; bs: kapitel; ca: capitell; cs: hlavice; da: kapitæl; de: Kapitell; el: κιονόκρανο; en: capital; eo: kapitelo; es: capitel; et: kapiteel; eu: kapitel; fa: سرستون; fi: kapiteeli; fr: chapiteau; gl: capitel; he: כותרת; hi: स्तम्भ-शीर्ष; hr: kapitel; hu: oszlopfő; hy: խոյակ; id: kapital; io: kapitelo; it: capitello; ja: 柱頭; ka: კაპიტელი; kk: капител; kn: ಬೋದಿಗೆ; ko: 주두; ky: капитель; li: kapiteel; lt: kapitelis; lv: kapitelis; mk: капител; nl: kapiteel; no: kapitél; oc: capitèl; pl: kapitel; pt: capitel; ro: capitel; ru: капитель; sh: kapitel; sk: hlavica; sl: kapitel; sr: капител; sv: kapitäl; ta: போதிகை; tr: sütun başlığı; uk: капітель; uz: kapitel; vls: kapitêel; wuu: 柱头(建筑); zh: 柱头


 

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